πŸ”₯ Basque Country | region, Spain | Britannica

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The Spanish Basque Country (Basque: Euskadi, Spanish: Pais Vasco) is a region at the north of Spain, bordering the Atlantic Ocean and France. It is defined.


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The Basque Country is a unique part of Spain located on the country's northern coast, and like many places in Spain, it has its own culture.


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But the Basque Country is made up of seven provinces, three of which are in southwestern France. The Basques are an ancient people who have.


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Basque Country | region, Spain | Britannica
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Spanish Basque Country. Straddling two nations on the Atlantic Coast β€” stretching about miles from Bilbao, Spain, north to Bayonne, France β€” lies the.


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Basques are indigenous to and primarily inhabit an area traditionally known as the Basque Country (Basque: Euskal Herria), a region that is located around the​.


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Socio-economic profile: The Basque Country is one of the most important industrial concentrations in Spain. The regional gross domestic product (GDP) in


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The Basque Country is nevertheless a cultural entity which goes far beyond the French part, further south in Spain, the Basque Country on the south side is.


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The Basque Country officially the Basque Autonomous Community is an autonomous community in northern Spain. It includes the Basque provinces of Álava.


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Basque Country Tourism: Tripadvisor has reviews of Basque Country Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Basque Country resource.


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The Basque Country is a unique part of Spain located on the country's northern coast, and like many places in Spain, it has its own culture.


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The place where they were minted is not certain, but is thought to be somewhere near Pamplona , in the heartland of the area that historians believe was inhabited by the Vascones. Spanish or French is typically the first language of citizens from other regions who often feel no need to learn Basque , and Spanish or French is also the first language of many Basques, all of which maintains the dominance of the state tongues of both France and Spain. My only interest is the culture, the Euskera language, the people, our history and ways. Texas has a large percentage of Hispanics descended from Basques who participated in the conquest of New Spain. Despite the predominance of the white race, its extension in the mountains Its myths, which are an evidence of their deep credulity and an indubitable proof of their Iberian ancestor, are the sequel of the conqueror's blood which runs through their veins The largest of several important Basque communities in the United States is in the area around Boise, Idaho , home to the Basque Museum and Cultural Center, host to an annual Basque festival, as well as a festival for the Basque diaspora every five years. In the past, some women participated in collective magical ceremonies.{/INSERTKEYS}{/PARAGRAPH} Not all Basques are Basque-speakers. Under Spain's present constitution, Navarre Nafarroa in present-day Basque, Navarra historically in Spanish constitutes a separate entity, called in present-day Basque Nafarroako Foru Erkidegoa , in Spanish Comunidad Foral de Navarra the autonomous community of Navarre. Knowledge of Spanish is compulsory under the Spanish constitution article no. Many of the original Tejanos had Basque blood, including those who fought in the Battle of the Alamo alongside many of the other Texans. Currently about 33 percent of the population in the Basque Autonomous Community speaks Basque. The language has been made a political issue by official Spanish and French policies restricting its use either historically or currently; however, this has not stopped the teaching, speaking, writing, and cultivating of this increasingly vibrant minority language. Weakened by the Navarrese civil war, the bulk of the realm eventually fell before the onslaught of the Spanish armies β€” However, the Navarrese territory north of the Pyrenees remained beyond the reach of an increasingly powerful Spain. For many Basques, it is juxtaposed with a sense of either Spanish or French identity tied with the use of the Spanish and French languages among other Basques, especially in the French Basque Country. The Basque language is thought to be a genetic language isolate in contrast with other European languages, almost all of which belong to the broad Indo-European language family. Knowledge of Basque, after declining for many years during Franco's dictatorship owing to official persecution, is again on the rise due to favorable official language policies and popular support. A widespread belief that Basque society was originally matriarchal is at odds with the current, clearly patrilineal kinship system and inheritance structures. Many of the historic hidalgos , or noble families from this area, had gained their titles and land grants from Spain and Mexico; they still value their land. One item of evidence in favour of this hypothesis is found in the Spanish book Compendio Historial , written in by the Basque writer Esteban de Garibay. However, popular stereotypes characterizing Basque as "the oldest language in Europe" and "unique among the world's languages" may be misunderstood and lead to erroneous assumptions. Likewise, terms such as "the Basque Government" for "the government of the BAC" are commonly though not universally employed. Regarding the Spanish Basque Country, Basques that don't have a sense of Spanish identity make up an important part of the population. In contrast to surrounding regions, ancient Basque inheritance patterns, recognised in the fueros , favoured survival of the unity of inherited land holdings. Basque is also a modern language, and is established as a written and printed one used in present-day forms of publication and communication, as well as a language spoken and used in a very wide range of social and cultural contexts, styles, and registers. It consisted mostly of the area which is today the states of Chihuahua and Durango. The Basque language, which was traditionally spoken by most of the region's population outside the BAB urban zone, is today rapidly losing ground to French. There are 2,, people living in the Basque Autonomous Community , in Alava, 1,, in Biscay and , in Gipuzkoa. Home in this context is synonymous with family roots. There are three other historic provinces parts of the Basque Country: Labourd , Lower Navarre and Soule Lapurdi, Nafarroa Beherea and Zuberoa in Basque; Labourd, Basse-Navarre and Soule in French , devoid of official status within France's present-day political and administrative territorial organization, and only minor political support to the Basque nationalists. The official languages are Basque and Spanish. Castile deprived Navarre of its coastline by conquering key western territories β€” , leaving the kingdom landlocked. Mostly after [35] the advent of industrialisation, this system resulted in the emigration of many rural Basques to Spain, France or the Americas. Arana's neologism Euzkadi in the regularized spelling Euskadi is still widely used in both Basque and Spanish, since it is now the official name of the Autonomous Community of the Basque Country. A comprehensive analysis of Basque genetic patterns has shown that Basque genetic uniqueness predates the arrival of agriculture in the Iberian Peninsula, about 7, years ago. Basques have a close attachment to their home etxe a 'house, home' , especially when this consists of the traditional self-sufficient, family-run farm or baserri a. Alfonso Irigoyen posits that the word euskara is derived from an ancient Basque verb enautsi "to say" cf. In Guatemala , most Basques have been concentrated in Sacatepequez Department , Antigua Guatemala , Jalapa for six generations now, while some have migrated to Guatemala City. The surrounding area of San Bernardino County has many Basque descendants as residents. The Kingdom of Pamplona, a central Basque realm, later known as Navarre , underwent a process of feudalization and was subject to the influence of its much larger Aragonese, Castilian and French neighbours. In a kind of primogeniture, these usually were inherited by the eldest male or female child. In the 19th century, the Basque nationalist activist Sabino Arana posited an original root euzko which, he thought, came from eguzkiko "of the sun", related to the assumption of an original solar religion. Attempts to introduce bilingualism in local administration have so far met direct refusal from French officials. Since the Basque language is unrelated to Indo-European, it has long been thought to represent the people or culture that occupied Europe before the spread of Indo-European languages there. Note that in historical contexts Navarre may refer to a wider area, and that the present-day northern Basque province of Lower Navarre may also be referred to as part of Nafarroa , while the term "High Navarre" Nafarroa Garaia in Basque, Alta Navarra in Spanish is also encountered as a way of referring to the territory of the present-day autonomous community. Some of North America's largest ranches, which were founded under these colonial land grants, can be found in this region. Such surnames provide even those Basques whose families may have left the land generations ago with an important link to their rural family origins: Bengoetxea "the house of further down", Goikoetxea "the house above", Landaburu "top of the field", Errekondo "next to the stream", Elizalde "by the church", Mendizabal "wide hill", Usetxe "house of birds" Ibarretxe "house in the valley", Etxeberria "the new house", and so on. In any case, the social position of women in both traditional and modern Basque society is somewhat better than in neighbouring cultures, and women have a substantial influence in decisions about the domestic economy. I am French and Basque. Some Basque surnames were adapted from old baserri or habitation names. The French Basque Country's lack of self-government within the French state is coupled with the absence of official status for the Basque language in the region. Only Spanish is an official language of Navarre, and the Basque language is only co-official in the province's northern region, where most Basque-speaking Navarrese are concentrated. Basque tribes were mentioned in Roman times by Strabo and Pliny, including the Vascones , the Aquitani , and others. They are mostly descendants of settlers from Spain and Mexico. The Basques were ravaged by the War of the Bands , bitter partisan wars between local ruling families. Therefore, the neologism euskotar , plural euskotarrak , was coined in the 19th century to mean a culturally Basque person, whether Basque-speaking or not. As in other cultures, the fate of other family members depended on the assets of a family: wealthy Basque families tended to provide for all children in some way, while less-affluent families may have had only one asset to provide to one child. I have friends who are involved in the political side of things but that is not for me. Lower Navarre became a province of France in Nevertheless, the Basques enjoyed a great deal of self-government until the French Revolution and the Carlist Wars , , when the Basques supported heir apparent Carlos V and his descendants. The government of this autonomous community is the Government of Navarre. Since then, despite the current limited self-governing status of the Basque Autonomous Community and Navarre as settled by the Spanish Constitution, many Basques have attempted higher degrees of self-empowerment see Basque nationalism , sometimes by acts of violence. Others reject this usage as inaccurate and are careful to specify the BAC or an equivalent expression such as "the three provinces", up to referred to as "Provincias Vascongadas" in Spanish when referring to this entity or region. The Basques were important in the mining industry; many were ranchers and vaqueros cowboys , and the rest opened small shops in major cities such as Mexico City , Guadalajara and Puebla. Labourd , Lower Navarre , and Soule were integrated into the French department system starting , with Basque efforts to establish a region-specific political-administrative entity failing to take off to date. {PARAGRAPH}{INSERTKEYS}Several coins from the 2nd and 1st centuries BC found in the Basque Country bear the inscription barscunes. There is enough evidence to support the hypothesis that at that time and later they spoke old varieties of the Basque language see: Aquitanian language. However, this heir often provided for the rest of the family unlike in England, with strict primogeniture, where the eldest son inherited everything and often did not provide for others. Large numbers of Basques have left the Basque Country to settle in the rest of Spain, France or other parts of the world in different historical periods, often for economic or political reasons. However, in January , a single agglomeration community was established for the Basque Country in France. There are extremely few Basque monolingual speakers: essentially all Basque speakers are bilingual on both sides of the border. In Basque, people call themselves the euskaldunak , singular euskaldun , formed from euskal- i. They typically related to a geographical orientation or other locally meaningful identifying features. On the basis of this putative root, Arana proposed the name Euzkadi for an independent Basque nation, composed of seven Basque historical territories. In Chino, two annual Basque festivals celebrate the dance, cuisine, and culture of the peoples. There is no conflict, I am proud of both. For example, Basque rugby union player for France, Imanol Harinordoquy , has said about his national identity:. Historically the Basques abroad were often employed in shepherding and ranching and by maritime fisheries and merchants. Thus euskara would literally mean "way of saying", "way of speaking". Miguel de Unamuno said: "There are at least two things that clearly can be attributed to Basques: the Society of Jesus and the Republic of Chile. It may, however, be a writing mistake. This sense of Basque identity tied to the local language does not only exist in isolation. Recent Basque Government policies aim to change this pattern, as they are viewed as potential threats against mainstream usage of the minority tongue. There is a history of Basque culture in Chino, California. Elko, Nevada sponsors an annual Basque festival that celebrates the dance, cuisine and cultures of the Basque peoples of Spanish, French and Mexican nationalities who have arrived in Nevada since the late 19th century. It is sometimes referred to simply as "the Basque Country" or Euskadi by writers and public agencies only considering those three western provinces, but also on occasions merely as a convenient abbreviation when this does not lead to confusion in the context. In particular in common usage the French term Pays Basque "Basque Country" , in the absence of further qualification, refers either to the whole Basque Country "Euskal Herria" in Basque , or not infrequently to the northern or "French" Basque Country specifically. Another peculiarity of Basque is that it has been spoken continuously in situ , in and around its present territorial location, for longer than other modern European languages, which were all introduced in historic or prehistoric times through population migrations or other processes of cultural transmission. About a quarter of a million people live in the French Basque Country. He records the name of the Basque language as enusquera. Even though they were provided for in some way, younger siblings had to make much of their living by other means. Some scholars and commentators have attempted to reconcile these points by assuming that patrilineal kinship represents an innovation. In the Early Middle Ages the territory between the Ebro and Garonne rivers was known as Vasconia , a vaguely defined ethnic area and political entity struggling to fend off pressure from the Iberian Visigothic kingdom and Arab rule to the south , as well as the Frankish push from the north. An idea of the central place the language has in cultural terms is given by the fact that Basques identify themselves by the term euskaldun and their country as Euskal Herria , literally "Basque speaker" and "Country of the Basque Language" respectively. As a result of state language promotion, school policies, the effects of mass media and migration, today virtually all Basques except for some children below school age speak the official language of their state Spanish or French. The BAC only includes three of the seven provinces of the currently called historical territories. These Basques in California are grouped in the group known as Californios.